[Dr. Saad Al Faqih]: Historically, what is the political system that resembles Saudi Arabia? The Umayyad state, the Abbasid state, the Ottomans, the Mamluks, the Almoravids, the Idrisids, the Fatimids, non-Muslim states? In fact, there’s no regime that resembles that of the Al-Sauds. If we take the Umayyad and Abbasid states in their early phases, they were strong states and superpowers that were independent. Quite the contrary. They were the ones engaging in conquests.
[Dr. Sa’ad Al-Faqih] Another question says Allah says, ((And if you obey most of those in the earth, they will lead you astray from Allah’s way; they follow but conjecture and they only lie.)) The question asks, doesn’t this verse go against Shura (consultation)? Doesn’t it also go against the Prophet’s saying, “My Ummah (Community) will not agree on falsehood.” As if he’s saying if you consult with the majority, the majority will lead you astray, and into falsehood. ((And if you obey most of those in the earth, they will lead you astray from Allah’s way;)) They will lead you astray. If the Prophet (pbuh) said, “My Ummah will not agree on falsehood,” how is it that the Quran says the majority will lead you astray, and “My Ummah will not agree on falsehood.”? The explanation is simple. Firstly, what is meant by “My Ummah” is not the whole earth.
On the contrary, the Prophet’s Ummah is the minority on earth. The Prophet’s Ummah could represent a minority on earth. Doesn’t this contradict Shura (consultation)? Same thing, Shura is not for all the peoples of the earth. You consult with those within your state, your Community, whether you’re consulting the whole nation in elections, the election of the head of state, or you consult the representatives of the people, or their leaders, as is the Islamic term (naqib), The nuqabaa (leaders) of the people— the Prophet said, “Send to me from among you the leaders,” who are the parliamentarians, or call them by any other name. Shura is not for all the peoples of the earth, who are constituted of more non-believers than Muslims, and it does not encompass what is outside of the Islamic entity. Within the Islamic entity, the majority, as long as they agree on the sayings of Allah and his Messenger in general, even if they have shortcomings, even if they have weaknesses, in general, as long as this single Islamic entity that is under one authority and who are qualified to be consulted, firstly, they will not agree on falsehood, and secondly, their choice by means of consultation will be the best choice, better than the individual’s.
As for ((And if you obey most of those in the earth..)), this is about ideology generally, in matters of polytheism and disbelief. According to Allah’s laws, most of the time with the exception of a few periods of time, most of the time the disbelievers outnumber the Muslims. This is not constant across all times. When Adam was sent, when Adam was created, his sons and his progeny, people continued to be Muslims, all of them, so, not most of those on earth were non-believers, not even a minority of them were non-believers. All of earth was Muslim, until deviation began generations afterwards. That’s one thing. The second thing is that the Prophet (pbuh) predicted that a time will come where Islam will prevail completely and so, most of the earth will not consist of non-believers. However, this is the case generally, that if you obey most of those on earth because if you count all those that ever lived on earth throughout time, non-believers will outnumber Muslims. The point is that it does not go against Shura and it does not go against the Prophet’s saying that “My Ummah will not agree on falsehood.”